Pineapple Conure – Species Profile
Pineapple Conures are small, playful, and beautiful birds, which are the result of a mutation of Green Cheek Conures. Thanks to their unique colors and behavior they have gained popularity among pet owners. Pineapple Conures are relatively easy to care for and make really good pets.
The conure parrot species is currently among the most popular pet birds. This species includes birds that are colorful, lively and clownish. Conures make good choices for both inexperienced and novice pet bird owners because they are not so hard to look after.
Though conures can talk, like the other birds in the parrot family, they are not as good as the other birds and are therefore not very famous for their talking ability. There are over forty conure species you can choose from for your pet.
The two main types of conures are Pyrrhura and Aratinga. The Pyrrhura conures are the more popular of the two. This is because although they are as beautiful as the Aratinga conures and have the same personalities, Pyrrhura conures are quieter, less destructive and smaller than the latter.
Aratinga conures include the blue-crowned, Jenday, mitred, Nanday, brown-throated, dusky-headed, cherry-headed, sun, peach-fronted and orange-fronted conures. Pyrrhura conures include the crimson-bellied, maroon-bellied, blue-throated, green cheek conure and black-capped conures.
Pineapple Conure Quick Facts
|Scientific Name||Pyrrhura molinae|
|Size||10 inches (25 cm)|
|Weight||2-3 ounces (60-80 grams)|
|Diet||fruits, nuts, insects, seeds|
|Behavior||playful, very active|
|Cage Size||20 x 20 x 30 inches (50 x 50 x 75 cm)|
Pineapple Conure Origin and Natural Habitat
The Pineapple Conure, otherwise known as Aratinga canicularis, is an incredibly vibrant species of small parrot native to South America. This adorable bird is generally green with yellow-orange on their heads and a bright orange-red beak that makes them instantly recognizable.
The natural habitat for the Pineapple Conure is the humid and tropical forests of Central and South America. This includes wet evergreen forests, mangrove swamps and other lowland habitats located in the tropical region of Latin America. It may also range as far north as Mexico in some parts.
It has a wide range including Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Brazil among others. The Pineapple Conure may even be seen in urban parks or coastal areas at times.
In the wild, these birds usually form small flocks of up to 15 individuals that feed on fruit, nuts, seeds, and insects found in the trees they live among or on the ground within their territory. When they do find food they take advantage of it quickly since they have plenty of competition from other birds, such as toucans, macaws, and other parrots when fighting for resources within their habitat.
Pineapple Conures are also quite social creatures that can make great pets for those who are looking for a more unique companion bird experience than most regular pet birds offer.
However, proper socialization is key when working with these birds since they can become easily startled by loud noises or new people quickly entering their space that might not be familiar to them; this could cause them to panic or become excessively scared due to the fact that they’re still very wild animals at heart even when living within our homes or gardens!
The Pineapple Conure is quite an endearing species that loves to sing and prattle almost continuously throughout its day while enjoying its natural habitat; it’s hard not to love these wonderful creatures once you become accustomed to hearing their signature calls around your home!
Pineapple Conures Social Behavior
When it comes to social behavior, Pineapple Conures have a lot to offer. Known for their friendly and outgoing personalities, these birds are great for owners who are looking for a pet with an enthusiastic socialization skillset.
Pineapple Conures have a unique knack for forming strong bonds with their owners and will often bond with just one person in particular. They may even become protective of that person and will warn others to stay away with their loud squawks. Pineapple Conures also often form tight bonds with family or other birds they’ve come to call friends within their living environment.
In addition to forming strong relationships, Pineapple Conures love to play and explore. These little birds are very curious about their surroundings and will explore every nook and cranny in the home. Owners that provide ample time for exploration can expect a happy Pineapple Conure who is always on the lookout for something new!
Of course, like any pet, providing mental stimulation is essential in helping your bird remain content. Activities such as puzzle toys, hanging swings or perches, playing hide-and-seek are all great ways of ensuring your Pineapple Conure stays mentally active. This type of mental stimulation also helps strengthen the bond between the bird and its human companions!
Most importantly, providing plenty of interaction with both humans and other members of the flock is essential in helping your Pineapple Conure’s social skills thrive. Having an active lifestyle packed with plenty of playtime is important in promoting a healthy emotional state in Pineapple Conures while providing them with the outlet they need to express themselves!
Overall, owning a Pineapple Conure can be incredibly rewarding! With proper care and attention from its owners, this type of bird can make an excellent companion – always eager to interact and playful when given opportunities to do so!
Pineapple Conure Appearance and Colors
A pineapple conure’s physical attributes will help you decide whether or not this is the pet bird for you. Since this conure is a mix of the yellow-sided and cinnamon conure, it will have a blend of the physical attributes of both birds.
The bird has yellow sides and a tan-colored head. Its back feathers have a lime green hue like the cinnamon conure’s while its chest has many bright yellow and red feathers.
The pineapple conure has a reddish-orange tint around its lower beak feathers with some red hints just above the cere. The tail feathers have maroon to light red tint like yellow-sided conures do with a halo effect.
The halo effect is particularly noticeable in young pineapple conures. The bird’s eyes have a ruby red glow like the cinnamon conure.
You might not immediately differentiate a male and female pineapple conure. Even so, you can pick a female and male conure from the bird’s behavior. Male pineapple conures are territorial and adventurous while females are sweet and cuddly.
Pineapple Conure Food and Diet
As with all parrot species, food plays an important role in the health of a pineapple conure as well. You should aim for a varied diet for your pineapple conure to get optimum nutrition.
In the wild, pineapple conures will eat seeds, insect larvae, grass, fruits and nuts. In captivity, you should feed them a similar diet, and occasionally you can give them treats as well. Always focus on providing your conure a healthy and balanced diet.
A balanced diet can be achieved by including the foods below in its feeds:
These are the favorites for pineapple conures. Include chia, quinoa, and barley seeds in your bird’s diet. You can mix these seeds up or feed them separately. It would be best to soak the seeds in water a few hours before feeding your conure to make them chewable.
Remember not to overdo the seeds because they have a high-fat content that can lead to obesity in your bird. Steer clear of a market-made seed mix in your conure’s diet since it has an imbalanced nutrition profile and a lot of fat.
These make 65-70% of a pineapple conure’s diet. Pellets have a balanced nutritional profile and are sure to deliver anything that your bird is lacking from its other daily feeds. Instead of settling for a brand name or the cheapest pellet feed for your conure, pick a high-quality feed.
Fruits are favorites of pineapple conures in their natural habitats. Include them in their diet in captivity in mangoes, pears, blueberries, grapes, apples and bananas. You can offer these to conures with or without peels.
Slice, dice and puree them before serving to make them manageable for your pet. Discard all uneaten fruits within 5-6 hours of serving to avoid contamination.
watercress, beet greens, and collard greens are among your best vegetables for a pet pineapple conure. Spinach is also a good choice since it adds some calcium to the conure’s diet. Other than leafy greens, include dark vegetables in the conure’s diet to deliver a healthy dose of vitamin A.
Winter squash, pumpkin and sweet potatoes are good dark vegetable options when served in small bite-sized pieces.
This is crucial to keep a pineapple conure’s bones strong and healthy. You can hang the cuttlebone inside your bird’s cage so that the pet chews on it when it wants. The cuttlebone would also double up as a beak grinder to keep your conure’s beak in shape.
These are good treats for pineapple conures. Moreover, the nuts are good EFA sources for your bird and will thus boost their brain health. Chopped walnuts or almonds make for a rewarding platter.
However, do not serve your conure more than half a nut daily because of its high fat content that predisposes your bird to different issues. You can sprinkle seeds on the nuts to make them a delight for your bird.
It is essential to keep your pet bird well-hydrated more so in hot and humid conditions. Have a full water bowl in the bird’s cage and change the water every few hours. In hot months, consider having an extra bowl so that your pineapple conure is not dehydrated if the first bowl runs out.
Pineapple Conure Size, Weight, and Growth
These little parrots, which reach a size of only 8-10 inches, are known for their vibrant yellowish-green plumage, bright yellow-red bellies, and white heads. Though they may seem small, pineapple conures can actually be surprisingly heavy when compared to other parrot species.
Here is some more information about these fascinating birds’ size, weight, and growth rate.
Pineapple conures tend to measure between 8 to 10 inches in length from the beak to the tip of the tail. It is important to note that this includes the head, neck and body size; not just the tail plumes or wingspan.
Though small in comparison with other parrot species, pineapples can surprisingly weigh between 80 to 115 grams. The larger males tend to weigh closer to 115 grams while females are generally lighter at about 60-80 grams.
– Growth Rate
Pineapple conures grow very quickly in their first year of life – approximately doubling their size and weight in this period – before settling down into adulthood. As adults, they will remain at a relatively constant weight until they start nearing their final full-grown adult size at around the age of two years old (at which point they will likely stop growing altogether).
Pineapple conures require an adequate diet filled with lots of nutritious fresh fruits and vegetables in order for them to grow properly and remain healthy in general. They should also receive frequent interaction with humans or other pineapple conures as social interaction is important for them during all stages of life.
So, pineapple conures are known for being tiny but fairly heavy feathered friends who grow quickly until around two years of age when they settle into adulthood, reaching a size and weight between 8-10 inches and 80-115 grams respectively. To ensure that your pineapple grows healthily it is important that you provide it with a balanced diet and plenty of socialization!
Pineapple Conures Lifespan
The average lifespan of a Pineapple Conure is around 10-14 years in the wild and 12-20 years in captivity. This range is significantly lower than other conures such as the Green-Cheeked Conure and Sun Conure, which can live for up to 20-30 years or more when cared for properly. The shorter life expectancy of the Pineapple Conure may be caused by several factors including predation and limited availability of food sources in its native habitat.
In order to extend the life expectancy of these birds, it is important that they receive proper nutrition with a balanced diet consisting of fresh fruits and vegetables, nuts and seeds, as well as high-quality pellet feed formulated specifically for parrots.
It is also recommended that these birds receive regular exercise through playing with toys or being let out of their cages to fly around freely. Regular health checks should also be done at least once per year to ensure your bird remains in tip-top shape.
Additionally, providing your Pineapple Conure with plenty of mental stimulation by talking to it or teaching it tricks can help keep them from becoming bored or stressed out which can have an effect on its longevity.
Finally, providing regular interaction with trusted humans or other birds can also keep your bird happy and content as socializing with others will prevent depression or behavioral issues from developing over time. Overall, providing proper care for your Pineapple Conure will help ensure they have a long and healthy life!
How and When do Pineapple Conures Breed?
If you are planning to sell or give them away as gifts to family or friends, you might want to consider pineapple conure breeding. Pineapple conures reach their breeding maturity at about 1-3 years of age.
While female pineapple conures can breed at seven months, you should not allow them to until they are at least a year old. This is because early breeding often affects a conure’s health. In the wild, pineapple conures breed in summer that coincidentally fall in February.
You might observe pet conures exhibiting breeding behaviors during the same time in captivity. These include females hiding in the nest box, and both genders regurgitating their food to each other or nipping below the mid-back.
On average, pineapple conures have a clutch size of 4-6 eggs. Females and males both sit on the eggs for 22-25 days one after the other until they hatch. If the conures do not sit on the eggs for the first ten days after laying, they will not hatch.
Pineapple Conure Talking Ability
The talking ability of a pineapple conure can be compared to that of a parrotlet since it is not such a great talker. The conure is generally quiet though it can learn a few words. Its voice is deep-sounding and quite rough.
These qualities make it among the less popular birds to train to speak. Though pineapple conures have limited vocabulary, they have excellent imitation skills and will pick up words spoken around them repeatedly.
With its love for human interaction, it will not be hard to teach your pineapple conure a few words when you spend time with it. The talking ability and time it takes will vary among different conures.
Unfortunately, some pineapple conures do not talk at all. If the ability to talk is thus what draws you to a pet bird, you should reconsider getting a pineapple conure.
What Sounds do Pineapple Conures Make?
Although pineapple conures are not very good at talking, they make a lot of different noises such as singing, clicking, whistling, beak grinding, chatting, laughing and more.
Pineapple conures can mimic different songs and sounds that they hear from you or from the radio or tv. When your pineapple conure is singing it means that the bird is happy and feels safe.
Another sign of happiness and joy is when your pineapple conure makes clicking noises. These noises are produced with their tongues, similarly, as we make clicking noises with our tongues and palate.
Usually, pineapple conures whistle when they want to play. You can teach them to whistle different songs, and they are very keen to learn new tunes from you. It is funny to see them try to mimic the sound they hear from you because they don’t get it always right.
– Beak Grinding
Beak grinding can be irritating to us, but this is normal sound conures make before going to sleep. They make these sounds by grinding the top and the bottom beak together. There is nothing to worry about, just turn off the lights or cover the cage, because your bird needs some rest.
Pineapple conures do not laugh naturally, but they can learn to make similar sounds as we do when we laugh. They can be very funny when they try to laugh. Often, when we have a rough day at work, a laughing bird can cheer us up.
What is the Best Cage Size for a Pineapple Conure?
Pineapple conures should be housed in a cage of at least 20 x 20 x 30 inches (50 x 50 x 75 cm) in size and with a bar spacing of 1/2 to 3/4 inches (1-2 cm). A bigger cage would be a much better option, though.
Cage accessories are a must in all conure cages. This is because pineapple conures are by nature playful and active.
Without some accessories, therefore, a pineapple conure will get bored and might have deteriorating health. The following are some accessories to include in the cage without cramping the available space for your bird:
- Perches to strengthen your bird’s flexes and grip.
- Feeding and water bowls.
- Supplements like cuttlebone and high-quality mineral blocks.
- Toys like sparkly items with bells or mirrors on them, swings, rope-like hanging toys and small ladders with catchy patterns. You can also include homemade toys so long as they are made from non-toxic materials.
Make sure, you don’t use decorations and items, that could be toxic for your bird.
How Much is a Pineapple Conure?
The cost of getting a new Pineapple Conure can vary greatly, depending on where they are sourced from and what specific breed they are. Generally speaking, these birds come in price ranges between $400-$600 USD for average quality specimens, while more high-end specimens can cost over $1,000 USD.
In addition to the initial purchase fee, potential Pineapple Conure owners should consider other factors such as veterinary costs, food costs, accessories needed for their cage or aviary, and other costs associated with general upkeep such as toys and perches. It’s also important to factor in vet visits so that your bird gets regular checkups!
Like any pet purchase decision, potential owners should investigate all available options before deciding which type of bird is best for them. Pineapple Conures require attention and care just like any other pet bird species.
They need regular exercise opportunities such as flights across a room or outside area (weather permitting), playtime each day with their owners or friends if possible, and healthy diets that meet their specific dietary needs (including fresh fruits and vegetables or specialized food mixes).
Additionally, these birds may require specialized grooming tools like combs or brushes depending on their age/breed type to make sure that the feathers stay clean at all times.
Ultimately deciding how much you are willing to pay for a Pineapple Conure will depend entirely on your budget – so it’s important to take into account all of the costs before you take the plunge into having one of these amazing animals!
Are Pineapple Conures Good for Beginners?
Pineapple conures, just like green cheek conures, are easy to care for, which makes a good choice for beginners. These birds are very sociable and friendly. Pineapple conures bond with their owners and love playing and being petted.
Because they get bored and lonely, they need lots of attention. So, if you don’t have enough time to interact and play with your bird, you might consider choosing another pet, which suits your lifestyle better.
Are Pineapple Conures Intelligent Birds?
When it comes to intelligence, Pineapple Conures stand out among other species of birds. These birds are very quick learners, have impressive memory, and enjoy playing interactive games with their owners.
Their intelligence allows them to recognize words and respond appropriately in different situations. Pineapple Conures can be taught word sequences, tricks, or even basic commands like “come”, “sit” or “no”. Many owners find that these birds make excellent companions because they can be interactive and love spending time with their people.
In addition to being intelligent, Pineapple Conures are incredibly social creatures. These birds do best when they have regular interaction with people and other pets around them, as they may become scared or anxious if left alone too often. Another important factor when considering a Pineapple Conure is space – they should have plenty of room available for exercise as they need lots of stimulation in order to stay happy and healthy.
It is important to note that owning a Pineapple Conure requires plenty of time and commitment due to the bird’s intelligent nature – not only do these birds need mental stimulation provided by their owners but also require a lot of attention from those around them in order for them to stay happy and healthy.
Furthermore, having the right toys available for the bird is essential in ensuring that its curiosity is kept satiated at all times.
In conclusion – yes! Pineapple Conures are highly intelligent birds who make wonderful companions with the right commitment from their owners. With plenty of stimulating activities provided by their owners as well as room available for exercise, these birds will be sure to live long, happy lives surrounded by those whom it loves most!
Training and Taming Pineapple Conures
With patience and consistency, owners can train and tame pineapple conures to become obedient and affectionate pets.
To begin training a pineapple conure, it is important to provide plenty of toys, perches, and treats as incentives to encourage positive behaviors. When introducing a new bird into the home, it is necessary to give it time to adjust and become familiar with its surroundings before attempting any form of training or taming.
The bird should also be handled every day for short periods of time in order for it to develop an attachment to its owners; this will make training easier in the long run.
Training sessions should start off fairly short and simple – around 20 minutes per day – so as not to overwhelm the bird. Rewards such as verbal praise or treats should be used frequently for good behavior; this helps create a positive association between desirable actions and rewards.
– Playing and Teaching
Activities such as playing games or teaching simple commands like “step up” or “no bite” will help reinforce desired behaviors while discouraging others such as biting or screaming. Pineapple conures are intelligent creatures, so they’ll catch on quickly with consistent training sessions repeated over time.
Taming takes longer than training because it requires a lot of patience on behalf of the owner; it involves gradually building up trust between the bird and the human until they can coexist without fear or aggressive behavior from either side.
Having frequent interactions such as petting or talking calmly while offering treats are all good ways of getting the bird used to being handled by humans; this kind of relationship will be more meaningful in the long run than simply teaching tricks or commands.
By investing in consistent training sessions backed by rewards, patience when taming, and lots of love and care for their birds, owners can enjoy having a well-behaved companion in their home with even previously wild pineapple conures as pets!
Toys and Cage Accessories Suitable for Pineapple Conures
For pet owners who have pineapple conures, it can sometimes be difficult to know what toys and cage accessories will best suit your feathered friend. Unlike other parrots, pineapple conures are known for their energetic personalities and an affinity for fun activities. For this reason, it is important to provide them with a variety of toys and cage accessories that will keep them entertained and stimulated throughout their life with you.
When it comes to toys, look for items that will stimulate the pineapple conure’s natural curiosity. This includes items such as wood blocks, cotton ropes, shredding toys, swings, bells and even musical instruments. Make sure to rotate the toys every few days to keep things fresh and exciting. Your bird should also have access to perches of different sizes as well as bird ladders and swings so they can climb around with ease.
As far as cage accessories go, treat your pinecone conure’s cage-like their home by providing plenty of comfortable feather-friendly surfaces for them to relax on. Natural materials such as rattan baskets or woven chews are ideal because they don’t splinter or rot like plastic or softer materials can over time.
Providing wooden blocks or logs of different shapes sizes along the walls of the cage is also a great way for your bird to explore and play without having to leave its space.
Finally, foster enrichment by giving your pinecone conure plenty of items that challenge its intelligence such as bird puzzles or games where they have to use their beak or feet in order complete tasks in order to get rewards (such as treats). This will help stimulate the bird’s curiosity while simultaneously providing mental stimulation which is key for keeping a healthy pinecone conure!
Are Pineapple Conures Noisy?
No, pineapple conures are among the quietest pet birds you can get. In fact, you can comfortably live with them in an apartment without worrying about disturbing your neighbors. Nonetheless, their quiet nature does not mean that the conures are boring.
They are rather playful and love spending time with their owners. Young pineapple conures are somewhat nippy and might bite you or make noise. Thankfully, these behaviors can be stopped with little training.
Furthermore, your conure might become aggressive if you neglect its needs. Other than the risk of hurting you and the noise it makes when aggressive, the bird often becomes stressed or depressed. This predisposes it to diverse health issues.
Some pineapple conures are initially a bit noisy. Unfortunately, most owners respond to every loud noise that the bird makes. The response to these loud noises makes your conure assume that the noise is good and will attract you.
This reinforces the behavior. Learn to ignore the loud noises so that you discourage the behavior and foster a pleasant home environment.
Pineapple Conure Common Health Issues
The most common health issues associated with Pineapple Conures are respiratory infections, feather plucking, obesity, fatty liver disease, scaly mite infestation, nutritional deficiencies, and ectoparasites. Let’s take a look at each one more closely.
– Respiratory Infections
Respiratory infections are the most frequent health issue for Pineapple Conures. These infections may be caused by bacteria such as Chlamydophila psittaci or Mycoplasma spp., fungi such as Aspergillus spp., or viruses such as paramyxoviruses or poxviruses.
The most notable symptoms of respiratory infection include wheezing, tail bobbing during respiration, loss of appetite/weight loss, ruffled feathers, and watery eyes.
Treatment may include antibiotics (potentially combined with antifungals), respiratory support (humidified environment), supportive care (fluids), and a careful diet that includes high-quality nutrition along with medications to boost immunity levels.
– Feather Plucking
Feather plucking is another common issue in conures that can lead to self-mutilation or worse if not treated properly. This behavior is often caused by stress and anxiety due to inadequate diet or lack of exercise/stimulation but other underlying medical conditions such as fungal infection can also be the source thereof.
It is important to provide a good diet rich in fresh fruits and vegetables along with an environment that encourages outdoor activity whilst minimizing potential sources of stress within the home. Medical intervention may prove necessary if simple measures are unsuccessful in treating the problem.
Obesity is also a major concern for Pineapple Conures due to their high propensity for overconsumption coupled with their inability to regulate caloric intake once food has been presented.
This can lead to many serious side effects such as fatty liver disease (which can cause hepatic lipidosis) and early-onset arthritis which will significantly reduce the quality of life for your feathered friend!
To avoid these complications you must carefully regulate caloric intake through portion control (strictly observing labels on commercially produced feed mixes) whilst preventing access to treats/snacks high in fat/sugar content!
Note: frequent weight checks should become routine when caring for any parrot species!
– Scaly Mite Infestation
Scaly mite infestations are relatively common occurrences amongst conures yet due to their small size they may be difficult to detect without proper inspection. These parasites feed upon skin cells and feather follicles causing irritation that may lead to feather plucking or damage inflicted upon skin tissue thus resulting in secondary bacterial infections!
Treatment consists of topical ointment (ivermectin) administered at least twice weekly until symptoms disappear – for preventive action it is advised you keep their surroundings free from dirt/debris where mites could hide!
– Nutritional Deficiencies
Nutritional deficiencies are another potential problem amongst conures which usually occur due to improper diets; inadequate diets lacking fresh fruits/vegetables may cause a deficiency in Vitamins A & C leading to stunted growth & poor feather quality whereas inadequate protein intake from animal sources results in poor muscle development amongst other symptoms.
It is important therefore that you provide your bird with adequate nutrition whether through home-prepared meals or commercially-produced feed mixes designed specifically for parrots!
Ectoparasites such as lice/fleas should not be ignored either as they can cause harm through direct feeding on skin tissue leading again secondary bacterial infections – prevention involves regular cleaning of cages & bedding plus regular use of parasiticides especially when traveling outdoors with your pet!
If left untreated these parasites may cause significant discomfort & itching leading again self-mutilation so quick action should always be taken when detecting any signs thereof!
So, it must be noted that whilst all pet birds carry some degree of risk associated with keeping them; the experience received from taking care of them far outweighs the potential problems that could arise if suitable precautions are taken.
Being aware however of common health issues surrounding Conures will help us make better-informed decisions regarding their care & preventative measures we could take so that our feathered friends can enjoy happy long lives surrounded by loving caretakers who understand them best!
Wrapping Up – Is a Pinable Conure a Good Choice for You?
Most people worry that training their pineapple conure is hard and are not as convinced to get the bird even with the information from the tidbits above. Even so, these pet birds are quite easy to train when young.
Generally, mature birds will not respond well to instructions. Use the step-up learning technique with your young bird. In the technique, start with simple things and then slowly scale to seemingly complex things when teaching your bird.
This is among the most effective methods of training pet pineapple conures to grasp different things. During training, remember to clip your conure’s wings to prevent accidents. You can later let the wings grow free once the bird has learned its limits and you have bonded well with it.
With all the information you have gleaned from this article, you are now hopefully better prepared to get a pet pineapple conure. There are several pet stores that now stock conures. As such, getting one will not be a hassle.
Though the care needs of a pineapple conure are lower compared to other parrot species, you should have a reliable vet on call. This way, you can get specialist help promptly when the need arises.
Additional Resources and Information
- “The Conure: An Owner’s Guide to a Happy Healthy Pet” by Julie Rach Mancini
- “Companion Parrot Handbook” by Sally Blanchard
- “The Conure” by David Alderton
- “Parrots for Dummies” by Nikki Moustaki
- “The Parrot Problem Solver” by Barbara Heidenreich
- “The Conure Handbook” by Mattie Sue